Duterte's drug war: Philippine fathers mourn sons in silence
Caloocan, Philippines - It has been almost three years since Alan Celiz's sons, Almon and Dicklie, were killed in violence related to the Philippines's "war on drugs" but he still cannot talk about them.
Women come together to share their grief. At support group sessions, widows cry, clutching their children, while mothers talk about their dead sons in the present tense to honour their memory.
Limited psychological support
A wife or girlfriend might be able to provide support but that is not always easy when both are grieving and anger is involved.
Police roamed the patchwork of shanties, conducting "buy-and-bust" operations. Masked vigilantes combed through alleys on foot or motorbike. Whoever was doing the searching, the end result was the same: the deaths of suspected drug users and small-time dealers - usually poor young men.
Conflicting government statistics
Despite mounting criticism, Duterte and his "war on drugs" continue to enjoy public support. An opinion survey in September showed that 82 percent of Filipinos approved of the drug war. The president has promised that the crackdown on illegal drugs will continue as long as he remains in power.
'My son was only 16'
"My son was only 16. They shot him and his friends. He never had a chance. It was not an equal fight," Soriano said.
The Philippines is not the only country where men are expected to be strong and provide for their families but little research has been done on male grief there.
Mental health support
According to the health department, some three million Filipinos, or about 3 percent of the population, suffer from some form of depression. But there are only an estimated 600 trained mental healthcare professionals in the country.